Alcohol impairs driving ability - everyone knows this fact. But how do drugs affect driving? Which medications are particularly critical? The proportion of accidents in which alcohol is involved is 37%. After all, about 20% of all accidents are caused by medication.
What disorders can occur?
Precisely when driving a car or when operating machines, a sharper perception is required. Seeing, hearing, acting fast, reacting in a fraction of a second is necessary to be able to drive a vehicle safely. If disturbances such as confusion, dizziness, distorted vision, double perception or tiredness occur, the reaction time is prolonged. In addition, limited criticism and slower comprehension may lead to further limitations.
Which drugs should be used with caution
- Sedatives and hypnotics These substances can sometimes cause considerable damage when driving or using machines, as they reduce their attention through their sedative effect. The effect may - depending on the time of ingestion - continue until the next morning.
- Remedy for high blood pressure
People who suffer from high blood pressure have to take medicines - so-called antihypertensive drugs - on a daily basis. In some cases, taking it may cause a fall in blood pressure, which can cause dizziness and dizziness.
- eye drop
Caution is also required for all pupil-dilating eye drops. If you have been to the ophthalmologist and the eye has dripped into the eye for such examinations, the eye is then extremely sensitive to light for a few hours.
- Insulin and hypoglycemic agents
Diabetics can get into a hypoglycaemia through their medication, which in turn can cause confusion, trembling or blurred vision. On the other hand, diabetics will only be able to drive a car through these drugs. A well-adjusted diabetic, who correctly indicates the signs of impending hypoglycaemia, can easily participate in road traffic.
- Remedy for hay fever and allergies
The older antiallergic drugs, so-called H 1 antihistamines, can make you tired - attention and responsiveness decrease. For people who rely on the car, there are now antiallergic drugs that no longer have this side effect.
This group includes antidepressants, neuroleptics (anti-psychotic agents), tranquilizers (tranquillizers), lithium supplements and strong sleeping pills such as B. the benzodiazepines. In any case, with all these drugs, caution should be exercised when participating in road traffic. Additionally consumed alcohol has a strong risk-increasing effect on all psychotropic drugs.
- Analgesics containing morphine, remedies for colds, codeine containing cough medicine
Codeine and morphine are active ingredients that often cause tiredness or drowsiness. Even in remedies for colds or cough blockers drugs may be included that affect the driver. Read carefully the package leaflet of your medication.
- Alcohol-containing medicines
Flu drops, immune stimulants or cough drops contain almost all alcohol. In conjunction with other medicines, such as sleeping pills, the effects of alcohol and sleeping pills may increase.
- Remedies for seizure disorders
Antiepileptic drugs may affect their ability to drive because of their side effects. Dose changes and changes to the drug used are also dangerous.
- Other means of influencing the ability to drive:
Traveling sickness preparations, some appetite suppressants, gastrointestinal ulcers, muscle tension remedies - the so-called central muscle relaxants and some Parkinson's remedies.
Tips for safe driving
- If you need to take multiple medicines, the effects of each agent can not only add up, but also potentiate. Therefore, you should tell your doctor what medications you are still taking.
- Take your medication at the specified time. A laxative taken at the wrong time can show very unpleasant effects.
- If you are taking medicines that affect your ability to drive, do not drink alcohol!
- Adhere to the dosage prescribed by the physician.
- In older people, it may happen that even a normal dose shows stronger effects or side effects.
In general it can be said that for all medications taken for the first time the leaflet should be read well to be informed accordingly. In the multitude of modes of action, the information about the relationships is very important. The pharmacy can advise you on the side effects and interactions of the individual drugs.