In its history as a medicinal plant valerian had to serve almost everything. For a long time, valerian was also considered an aphrodisiac: The recommendation was aimed at its harmonizing and calming effect even then. Although Romans, Egyptians and medieval herbalists have used the valerian root for medical treatment, the plant still gives us puzzles today.
Origin of valerian
For example, one does not know exactly where the name Valeriana officinalis comes from. Some settle the name in the Middle Ages and claim that this is a naming after the Roman province of Valeria. Others explain the Latin word "valere" - to be healthy, to feel good - to the word origin.
The roots of European valerian are used to make the medicine. The need for valerian supplements is great, so that the plant, which is more than 1.5 meters high, is planted with its umbellate pink-white flowers on plantations. Valerian grows wild mainly in the wetlands of Europe and Asia.
Ingredients and Effect of Valerian
More than a hundred ingredients have been proven by valerian scientists. Which of these substances is responsible for the effects, remains unclear. It is believed that only the interaction of the various ingredients triggers an effect. Experiments have shown that valerian extracts have an inhibitory effect on nerve conduction in the brain, similar to benzodiazepines, the most well-known prescription sleeping pills and sedatives.
A sleep-inducing and anxiolytic effect is triggered. This explains why valerian shortens the sleep time, as well as improves sleep quality and general well-being. As with many medicinal plants, the effect of the valerian only after some time, say days or weeks, noticeable. First, the inner tension dissolves and only then sleep is also restful.
Application of valerian
In the Middle Ages valerian was considered a herb against every nipple - from eye diseases to plague. The investigations of modern science could not withstand these promises. Today, nervousness, restlessness, sleep disturbances and spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints are valerian uses. It is offered in various forms: in drops, as a tablet, dragee or capsule. In addition, it is sometimes combined with other medicinal plants to enhance its effect - for example with hops, St. John's wort, passionflower or lemon balm. In addition, teas and bath products with valerian are available.
The dosage of valerian supplements should be sufficiently high. From valerian extract, 15 drops should be taken twice daily, so that the effect can fully develop. The time of ingestion depends on the symptoms. For insomnia, a single dose of half an hour to one hour before bedtime may be sufficient.