If the artificial exit is in the area of the small intestine or at the beginning of the large intestine, the intestine needs a while after the operation until it has switched to altered digestion. In the first time, the bowel movement may be still fluid, later he should be thick. Since the large intestine is not passed, however, no firm, regular bowel movements can be formed. Especially in the initial phase of the intestine is not yet able to absorb all nutrients in sufficient quantity. Some tips, however, help to support the intestine at this time and provide the body with the best possible nutrition:
- Drink enough - about 2 liters per day. Preferably drink in phases between meals and only lightly with meals. Prefer tea and mineral water without carbonation. Also broth and sports drinks (isotonic drinks) are well suited as they contain many electrolytes.
- Distribute food intake evenly throughout the day (5-6 meals). Eat slowly and chew well.
- Try to eat as many whole grains as possible to help thicken the stool. Make sure that the grain is finely ground. Coarse grain bread is usually less digestible. For very liquid stools, boiled brown rice or porridge and soups made from cereal flakes, meal or semolina are especially recommended.
- Prepare the food low-fat first and choose gentle cooking methods such as steaming and steaming or preparation in a pressure cooker.
- If you can not tolerate raw fruits and vegetables well, sauté it a little. Later, you can try again and again to switch to raw food.
- Avoid foods that are difficult to digest, slag-rich and fibrous. These include asparagus, the skin of tomatoes, mushrooms, fruit bowls, oranges, pineapple, nuts, popcorn and chewy meat. These fibers can clog the stoma and lead to a so-called "stoma blockage".
- Test very acidic foods and drinks such as orange juice, tomatoes etc. carefully - these can irritate the stomas.
Compatibility depends on your own body
Many sufferers expect precise instructions on how they should behave in terms of nutrition in the future. Although tips like those above can be helpful, but how the intestine tolerates some foods, can be very different individually. Therefore, you should test yourself, what you tolerate and what you get less well. Do not allow yourself to be influenced by the advice of others - every body reacts differently. Too many well-intentioned tips often lead to severe restrictions on food choices. The body may then no longer be supplied with all the nutrients and the food is less fun. If you have persistent problems such as diarrhea, constipation, or are losing weight, it is advisable to see your doctor or nurse to address the issues through targeted nutritional intervention.