"At lunchtime, when it was twelve o'clock, Herr Aktuar sat down at the table, looking questioningly, solemnly and quietly, at the soup through his glasses, and through the glasses, sharp and clear, he immediately discovers a long hair." Well ! "- said the woman -" that can happen! If you love me, then you will not be embarrassed! "Without the visual aid, Mr. Aktuar might never have discovered the hair in the soup from Wilhelm Busch's story: About 70% of the population are visually impaired and need glasses or contact lenses for their Sensory organ eye can properly perceive all inflowing information.The invention of the glasses is a blessing.Looking a look into the history ...
The Roman jurist Cicero (106-43 BC) complained in a letter to his friend Attikus about the loss of his eyesight, and that he had to be read by slaves. Apparently, visual aids were not known at the time.
Pliny (23-79 AD), Roman writer, mentioned the magnification effect of a water-filled glass ball. However, this realization was not followed by the breakthrough.
From beryl to glasses
Medieval monks developed a reading stone according to the theories of an Arab mathematician. This hemispherical polished lens, which magnified writing, often consisted of semi-precious stones, so-called beryls. A reading stone cut from beryl was called "Brill", two "glasses". Owning glasses in the Middle Ages was synonymous with "knowing a lot, being learned".
At the end of the 13th century, eye glasses were manufactured for the first time. The Venetian glassblower town of Murano may call itself the birthplace of the glasses. However, these reading aids still had to be held by hand on the nose. Many hundred years later, only after about 1850, the glasses took on the shape that we still know today.
Bonjour lunettes, adieu fillettes
"Hello Brillchen, farewell girl". With that phrase, the French rejected everything that had to do with the glasses. If the glasses in Spain were an indication of erudition, it was in France for old age. Even Goethe did not like visual aids: "As often as I see through glasses, I am a different person and I do not like it."