Nine months, that is 40 weeks or around 280 days, the unborn baby needs to develop in the womb - a long time, in which the placenta, also called mother cake, supplies the growing life. Every day, the mother absorbs nutrients, but also dangerous, unhealthy or even toxic substances. Everything is shared by mother and child, including what they do not get, eg cigarettes, alcohol, drugs and many medications. This is how substances reach the unborn child, which can harm them.
Avoid alcohol and cigarettes
In the first three months of pregnancy, embryos are extremely susceptible to even small amounts of alcohol; they often pay a high price if they have to "drink" regular or copious amounts of alcohol. They are born with physical and mental developmental debris or injuries that doctors often can not make up for. The so-called "alcoholic embryopathy" hits babies of different severity, eg with heart defects, facial deformities, hearing disorders, hyperactivity or brain damage.
The placenta can not distinguish
The placenta is not a filter that distinguishes between harmful and beneficial substances - and so the unborn child gets its share of poisons, such as smoking: cigarette smoke contains about 4, 000 different toxic and carcinogenic substances such as arsenic, benzene, hydrocyanic acid, lead, cadmium, carbon monoxide and tar.
On cigarettes all unborn children react with development problems and low weight gain. Because with each move, nicotine enters the common cycle of mother and child. The blood vessels constrict and disrupt the baby's oxygenation. In addition, it is contaminated with toxic carbon monoxide, which also worsens the oxygen supply.
It can then come into the world as a premature birth, or perhaps timely, but as a "lack-born." In both cases, babies usually have a lot of trouble catching up on their developmental backlog. According to medical studies, the risk for children of smoking mothers to suffer from allergies and asthma is 30 percent higher. By the way, passive smoking is as dangerous as active smoke after numerous investigations.
Stimulants: coffee and tea in moderation
A study by the Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark (Source: British Medical Journal 2003, Vol. 326) has examined whether coffee consumption during pregnancy increases the risk of stillbirth or infant mortality in the first year of life. This suspicion had won scientists by studies on monkeys. They analyzed the data on more than 18, 000 pregnancies in terms of coffee consumption: those women who drank at least eight cups of coffee per day were found to have a three-fold increased risk of stillbirth compared to women who remained abstinent.
Surprisingly, those women who drank one to three cups of coffee per day had a slight but not significant risk reduction compared to the completely coffee-abo- vant pregnant women. Four to seven cups increased the risk slightly. The study leaders conclude that the "threshold" for the harmful effect of coffee is likely to be about four to seven cups of coffee per day. There was no correlation between coffee consumption and infant mortality in the first year of life. The same applies to black tea. However, herbal teas are allowed and even welcome.
This is where the problem starts: certain pollutants such as heavy metals have been in our food for decades and can still be found in almost all foods today. In principle, fruits and vegetables should be thoroughly washed and peeled. At least no pesticides are guaranteed for organic food, but pollutants from soil and air are also stored here. Physicians have proven that environmental toxins damage the reproductive system. Doctors advise before the beginning of a pregnancy, to carry out appropriate tests and apartments such as work to be checked.
Heavy metals are one of the dangerous environmental toxins: especially when mothers are heavily burdened with lead, malformations can occur in their children, premature births and stillbirths are more common. In many old buildings, old lead pipes strain the drinking water. Lead is also present in many colors as well as in foods that have been grown in metropolitan areas. The same applies to cadmium: it accumulates in the amniotic fluid and disturbs the growth of the baby. In haddock or liver it is present in high concentration, as well as in cigarettes.
Mercury, which enters the body via amalgam-containing dental fillings, can cause brain damage to the unborn child. Teeth should not be rehabilitated immediately before pregnancy, because even for months, the substances in the blood are detectable. Selenium and vitamin C help to promote elimination.
Medicines and vitamins
Bitter pills are mainly the headache tablets, sedatives and sleeping pills, slimming or laxative, which one takes out of habit just "just so". The side effect: mental and physical damage - here, too, the first three months of development are particularly explosive. In acute or chronic diseases the pregnant woman does not have to do without medicines such as antibiotics, but her doctor must advise her.
In severe symptoms such as severe headache and painkillers can be taken. Particularly recommended are tablets containing acetaminophen - Acetylsalicylic acid (including aspirin) should not be taken, especially in the last third of the pregnancy.
For vaccinations, the doctor should learn about pregnancy. When traveling to countries for which preventive vaccinations are recommended, one should carefully consider whether this journey is really necessary for a pregnant woman. Travel prophylaxis with live vaccine (cholera, measles, mumps, rubella) is not recommended. Against diphtheria, TBE (tick-borne encephalitis, transmitted by ticks), meningitis, pneumococci, tuberculosis, rabies and typhoid should not be vaccinated. Malaria prophylaxis can be done with some but not all medications.
Vitamins are important and vital, especially in pregnancy. But beware of vitamin A, which is found in animal foods (and as provitamin beta-carotene in plant foods). If it is missing, it leads to growth disorders and night blindness. Too much, such as taking extra tablets or excessive consumption of animal liver, can lead to malformations of the unborn child.
Nutrition in pregnancy
Through a healthy diet, the expectant mother can do a lot for the baby. A recommendation from Medicine-Worldwide says: 10 percent protein, 35 percent fat, 55 percent carbs should take pregnant women. The fats should be as vegetable as possible and also rich in fiber (wholemeal bread, fruits, vegetables).