Paleo diet - that's the name of a weight loss trend from Hollywood. What is behind it? In the Paleo diet, which is also referred to as the Stone Age diet, only those foods are allowed, which were already accessible to our ancestors in the Stone Age. Thus, during the diet, especially a lot of fruit, vegetables and meat on the table. We will introduce you to the Paleo diet with delicious recipes for breakfast, lunch and dinner. We also reveal the good reasons for, but also against the Paleo diet.
Basics of the Stone Age diet
The Paleo diet is based on the assumption that our genetic material has hardly changed since the Stone Age. That's why - the advocates argue - Steinzeiternährung is the only proper form of nutrition. After all, our genes have adapted to this diet for millions of years.
Allegedly, the carbohydrate-poor diet in the Stone Age should have contributed to the fact that Homo sapiens could develop into a modern human being. Today, Stone Age nutrition advocates see a chance to prevent lifestyle diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
This is how the Paleo Diet works
The Paleo diet only brings food to the table that was already available to our ancestors - before they settled down. Therefore, dairy and cereal products should be avoided as much as possible during the diet. Even industrially manufactured foods such as ready meals, sugar or alcohol are taboo.
Instead, the focus is on fresh foods such as fruits, vegetables, eggs, nuts, mushrooms and herbs. Also fish and seafood are allowed. The most important role in the diet, however, is the meat consumption, which was said to have been significantly higher in our ancestors than it is today.
Tip: If you like, you can also supplement the Stone Age diet with insects, worms and larvae. These in the western world but quite getting used to food are not mandatory.
Stone Age Nutrition: Tasty recipes
Here are three recipes to test the Paleo diet for a day.
Breakfast: For breakfast there are mushrooms with scrambled eggs: Slice 300 grams of brown mushrooms and chop an onion. Fry the onion briefly in a pan and then add the mushrooms to the stew. Then prepare the eggs from two eggs.
Lunch: Sliced meat for lunch: Cut 200 grams of beef steak into thin strips and fry the meat. Quarter ten cherry tomatoes and cut two spring onions into fine rings. Add the spring onions to the beef and fry the onions for a short time. Then add the tomatoes and stir well again.
Dinner: For dinner, there is a crispy chicken salad: For the salad, cut 120 grams of chicken into small pieces and sauté. Good for the salad, for example, are the remains of half a chicken.
Also cut 300 grams of radishes, 200 grams of tomatoes, 100 grams of carrots and 100 grams of kohlrabi into fine pieces. Then mix some olive oil, salt, pepper and herbs of the season with a dressing and pass this over the salad.
Strictly speaking, olive oil should not be used to fry or mix the dressing in the Paleo diet. Instead of the oil, you can then resort to water.
Criticism: Arguments for the Paleo diet
- The basis of the Paleo diet are healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, mushrooms and nuts. It is also positive that seasonal foods are preferred.
- Unhealthy foods such as sweets, alcohol or fast food are completely prohibited - after all, such industrially manufactured products were not available to our ancestors.
- The Paleo diet is easy to carry out because there are no quantity restrictions. Also annoying calorie counting is not necessary.
- If one believes experience reports, with strict observance of the Steinzeiternährung sets itself particularly in the first weeks a fast weight loss.
Meanwhile, there are some studies that certify the Paleo diet has a positive impact on our body. According to a study published in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Stone Age nutrition can positively impact our blood glucose levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. According to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, the Stone Age diet is supposed to provide a particularly good satiety and effectively prevent obesity.
Criticism: Arguments against the Paleo diet
- The claim that our genes have not changed since the Stone Age is untenable. It should also be noted that our living habits are different today than they were then. That's why we need a different diet mix than our ancestors.
- The statements about the diet in the Stone Age and their health benefits are only hypotheses. Scientific evidence is not available.
- The Stone Age diet does not exist - rather the former eating habits were relatively different depending on the habitat and food supply. Thus, among experts is especially controversial whether the meat consumption in the Stone Age was actually as high as prescribed by the diet.
- The complete abandonment of milk and cereal products is also critical. Thus, the Stone Age diet namely significantly fewer carbohydrates, but added more fats and proteins than is generally recommended. However, the protein intake is already elevated in many Germans. Nutritionists therefore advise against increasing it. Because the intake of too much animal protein can have a negative effect on our health.