Menstrual cramps are not imaginary. Science has long since figured out what almost one in three women and even every other girl is estimated to be working on month after month: prostaglandins are called the culprits.
54% of all women suffer from symptoms such as lower abdominal pain, back pain or limited performance during their period. Not infrequently the menstrual period is accompanied by headache or migraine, increased irritability, depressive feelings and weight gain. About 10% of sufferers have such severe complaints that they are severely restricted in their lifestyles for 1 to 3 days a month.
Sometimes from the first menstruation
Rule pain - dysmenorrhea in technical jargon - affects even very young girls. This is called "primary dysmenorrhea" when teenage girls complain of the typical symptoms of abdominal pain and cramps, back pain, nausea, vomiting, irritability, fatigue and listlessness during menstruation.
Culprit tissue hormones
Science has long since figured out what almost one in three women and even every other young girl is estimated to be working on month after month: prostaglandins are called malefactors. These tissue hormones cause the uterine muscles to contract as a rule to repel the lining of the uterus - causing pelvic pain and cramping. In bad cases, the person affected even has to take care of the bed.
In addition to these physical causes of the reason, the psyche can also contribute to the discomfort. The fact that she has become a woman from one day to the next often plunges schoolgirls between the ages of nine and thirteen into an emotional roller coaster. Many do not even know what's happening in their bodies at all. Adolescent girls may read about sexuality in youth magazines. But what actually happens to them and their bodies, there is often a frightening ignorance of cycle and period. In many cases, information and education about these natural processes in the body of a young girl helps here.
Like Mother like daughter?
Moreover, menstrual problems seem to be inherited from mother to daughter. Your daughter may understandably be frightened by a few carelessly expressed sentences in the style of "This period is killing me". They may pave the way for their daughter to experience the first period as a burden or illness.
Not only younger people are affected
But even later in life, menstrual pain can occur. In addition to stress, anger at work or sexual listlessness, this form is often caused by organic causes - such as endometriosis (a benign growth of the endometrium), a narrowed cervical canal or a bent cervix, by benign ulcers or inflammation, for example, after removing one Spiral. Whether one of these diseases is present, your gynecologist will clarify.
When to the doctor?
You should consult your gynecologist for the first time with regular pain and every change of menstrual problems.