Figs not only taste delicious, they are also very healthy. In addition to digestive fiber, the sweet fruits also contain various vitamins as well as important minerals such as magnesium and potassium. Also in terms of calories, figs need not hide, because they have little more calories than apples - but this applies only to the fresh fruits, because dried figs are not for the slim line. Read how figs affect our health.
Less calories than you think
Even slender-minded people can safely eat fresh figs. 100 grams of fresh figs have an average of 63 kilocalories (kcal). This means that you are hardly more important than apples, which have about 55 kilocalories.
But that's quite different with dried figs. By drying, the calorie content increases to 247 kilocalories per 100 grams.
Figs - fruit rich in vitamins
Fat is hardly contained in figs, but many vitamins and minerals:
- Vitamin A (Retinol) is good for the skin and mucous membranes as well as the eyesight of our eyes.
- B vitamins regulate metabolism and are important for the nerves.
- The intake of folic acid is a prerequisite for cell division and blood formation.
- Biotin supports healthy skin, healthy hair and sturdy fingernails.
- Figs contain a lot of magnesium. A high magnesium content promotes cell regeneration and energy balance.
In addition, figs contain potassium, phosphorus and iron. Potassium can help normalize blood pressure. Iron is needed for blood formation.
Good for digestion
Figs have little acidity and are a blessing for digestion. With their many small kernels, they provide the gut with a lot of healthy fiber. Therefore, figs can also be used well against constipation. In the evening you can simply consider some dried fruit with water, let it stand overnight and in the morning consume sober together with the soaking water.
Healthy effect of figs
Their various ingredients make fresh figs a valuable food with various beneficial effects on health. So figs are considered healthy for:
- the heart, thanks to its high potassium and magnesium content
- the nerves - especially B vitamins are important to the nervous system
- the concentration supported by fructose and glucose
- the bones, because calcium and potassium protect against osteoporosis
- Skin, hair and nails
- Digestion and weight management due to the high fiber
Dried figs provide energy
By drying figs lose their original pear-shaped shape and become round and flatter. Their fluid is lost and so the composition of the nutrients changes.
Due to their high fructose content, dried fruits contain more carbohydrates. Dried figs have about 55 grams of carbohydrates per 100 grams - compared to only about 13 grams of fresh figs. In addition, they deliver significantly more calories than fresh figs. Thus, the nutritional values of dried figs are particularly high - which makes them so popular as a source of energy in sports.
100 grams of dried figs contain about 3.5 grams of protein and 1.3 grams of fat. They contain vitamins A, C and many B vitamins, especially folic acid. With a fiber content of 13 percent, they provide excellent support for healthy digestion.
Buy figs - what do you have to pay attention to?
Greek figs are especially delicious: sweet and juicy. Figs have been cultivated since ancient times in Greece and are harvested from August. Fresh figs are therefore available from mid-August.
Depending on the variety, figs are dark purple outside like an eggplant, green, brown or they vary from light to dark yellow-red. Likewise, the pulp has different colors: from amber to strawberry. Typical are the yellow seeds, which enforce the pulp.
When buying the figs should be soft, but externally undamaged and not mushy. The pressure-sensitive and perishable fruits can be stored for a maximum of two to three days in the refrigerator. Unripe figs can be ripened at room temperature.
How do you eat figs?
The question of how to best eat figs is quite simple: after removing the stem by turning, you can eat all the fruit with the shell. Peeling is difficult and not necessary. However, care should be taken to wash the fruit thoroughly.
If you do not like the skin, you can cut open the fig and eat the inside with a spoon.
Enjoy figs fresh
Fresh figs are great for both cold and hot meals. In addition, figs are delicious snacks and can also be processed into chutney. For example, figs in bacon or figs with goat's cheese as finger food or appetizer are highly sought after. An equally popular recipe combines these three ingredients: cut figs, add a dollop of goat's cheese, wrap the whole thing with bacon and place it on the heated grill - done.
Even salads and even game dishes give figs a special touch. If you like it special, you can also put the figs in red wine before processing. There are no limits to your own imagination - recipes with figs are available in endless variety. Take advantage of the season and buy fresh figs for healthy, nutritious and delicious recipes for your health.
Dried figs in the kitchen
If there are no fresh figs to buy, dried fruits are a good alternative. Dry figs are not just a healthy snack in between. They are easy to cut and are delicious ingredients when baking cakes or bread, with meat and, for example, lentil dishes. Dried figs can also be processed into liqueurs and chutneys.
Dry figs are offered year-round and can be stored for several months in cool and dry storage. A white coating is quite normal: this is crystallized sugar, which has settled on the exterior of the fruit.
Fig mustard and fig jam
Fig mustard or fig jam are also popular fig products. Fig mustard goes well with cheese and meat, but is also suitable as a spread. For the production of fig mustard it is also possible to use very well pre-soaked dried figs. Fig jam is mainly made from fresh fruits.
The fig tree
Figs are one of the oldest crops. Already Aristotle considered it the best fruit that can protect us humans from poison.
The trees originate from the countries around the Mediterranean, but grow today in Central and South America. They are quite undemanding and do not need a lot of water. Even in mild winegrowing areas of Germany fig trees thrive. However, they can not tolerate cold and frost.
Figs are pseudopods, covers for flowers and seeds. Hidden are actually hidden flowers and their seeds, the many small grains. Only female fig trees can bear fruit - but also a male tree is necessary for fertilization, otherwise the tree will not produce figs. Fertilization takes place via certain types of wasps.
For the home garden, however, numerous self-pollinated fig varieties are now available, so that the plants even without a second tree (or the pollination by wasps) figs.